A little fox hunter
Did you know that the Jack Russell Terrier was initially bred to hunt foxes? The Terrier was named after Reverend John Russell. He bred Terriers to aid in fox hunting in Devonshire, England during the mid-to-late 1800s. Legend has it that he acquired his first Terrier, ‘Trump’, from a milkman around 1816. He wanted to breed very specific characteristics in the Terrier. He was said to be so particular, that he only bred entirely white Terriers, or white with colour confined only to their head and a small patch at the root of the tail. The ANKC (Australian National Kennel Council) officially recognised the Jack Russell Terrier in 1991, although it has been in Australia since the ‘60s.
Lively, intelligent and quick
The energetic and cheeky Jack Russell loves to move around and you’d be impressed with how they jump and hop from spot to spot. And believe it or not, they don’t grow out of it. They keep active through to their old age. They’ll pick up on tricks too, so they can be fun to train and have a good old game of roll-over, shake and high-five. Because they’re originally hunters, they have a fearless nature. They know what they want and won’t stop until they have it. Despite their small size, they make good guard dogs as they won’t hide in a corner if they sense danger. They’re also fantastic diggers and are known for being great escape artists, so secure fencing is important for owners. Their hunter-like nature gives them courage and they’ll never back away from a challenge. See your local Greencross Vets if you’d like to know more about a Jack Russell’s temperament.
The Jack Russell is a small athletic dog, full of vitality. Primarily white with black and/or tan patches, their coat comes in three different textures – smooth, broken or rough. But it’s always thick and waterproof. Size-wise, they’re slightly longer than their height at the shoulders – around 33-35cm. Their V-shaped ears fold forward and teeth meet in a scissor bite. Because of their hunting history their chests should be small (so they can fit into brooks, chasing their prey!).
At Greencross Vets, nothing is more important than the health and wellbeing of your four-legged friend. If you have any more questions, please reach out to your local Greencross Vets. You can find your local Greencross Vets here. We’re more than happy to help!