Urinary Disease

Urinary disease and my pet

The urinary system consists of the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. The development of urinary disease in dogs and cats is common, however, males have a greater risk of urinary disorders becoming life-threatening if not treated early.

Symptoms of urinary disorders can range depending at what stage the infection is at. It is important to become familiar with the warning signs so your dog or cat can commence treatment as early as possible.

Signs of urinary disease:

  • abnormally frequent urination
  • inappropriate urination (around the house)
  • straining to urinate
  • blood in the urine
  • lethargy
  • loss of appetite
  • inflammation around the external genitalia

Often, urinary disease returns in pets who have suffered from it previously. Ongoing management options include a specialised diet to prevent reoccurrence.

Specific urinary disorders

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease – (FLUTD)

Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is not a specific disease, but rather is the term used to describe conditions that can affect the urinary bladder of cats. In the majority of cats with signs of lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), the cause is unknown.

Bladder Stones (Urinary Calculi)

Calculi or bladder stones are rock-like collections of minerals that form in the bladder. They may be in the form of a large, single stone, or as multiple small stones similar in size to sand or gravel.

Prostatic Disease

The prostate is a gland located in the pelvis behind the urinary bladder of male dogs. Enlargement of the gland is common with most prostatic diseases. Since the urethra passes through it, enlargement of the prostate compresses the urethra, and urination can become difficult.

Kidney Disease In Cats

Kidney disease (or chronic renal failure) is the most common medical disease affecting cats. Around 70% of the kidneys need to be affected by disease before any obvious signs are seen.

If you notice signs of abnormal toileting behaviour in your pet, contact your local Greencross Vets team today.