Guinea Pig Dental Care

guinea pig and a close up of its teethEver wonder why your guinea pig (or cavy) is always gnawing on something? Guinea pigs’ teeth are continuously growing. In a healthy guinea pig, the biting, chewing, gnawing, and grinding of food, especially hays, grasses, and abrasive foods will normally keep their teeth at a healthy length. Cavy dental care can be simple.

How do I provide a healthy diet?

It is vital that a guinea pig receives a nutritious diet to aid in keeping those upper and lower incisors strong, healthy, and trimmed. You can help your pet keep their teeth healthy by providing them with an adequate amount of vitamin C, lots of fresh grass and hay, and abrasive foods including celery, broccoli, carrots, stringed beans, corn, and husks.

Guinea pigs are favourable to herbs, some of which include:

  • parsley
  • coriander
  • mint
  • basil
  • dandelion

It is suggested that you offer your guinea pig a variety of only two or three different greens each day. Too many at once may cause an upset stomach.

Signs of overgrown teeth

If your guinea pig does not have enough to gnaw on, their teeth can become overgrown. Teeth may cut into the gums and cause abscesses. Signs that your guinea pig is having tooth problems include lowered appetite, mouth sensitivity, redness of the gums, and long teeth.

Greencross Vets recommend that you regularly check your guinea pigs teeth. Bring them to your nearest Greencross Vets clinic if you are concerned about the length or appearance of their teeth or gums.