Taking care of your senior cat
The average lifespan of a cat is 15 to 20 years. Advances in veterinary treatments and specialised diets teamed with an incline to the indoor-only rule has contributed to this life expectancy. Cats over the age of seven years old are considered senior. As they age, a cat’s dietary, exercise, and healthcare needs will change, so it’s important that you monitor these changes closely.
Greencross Vets recommend that healthy older cats be examined by a qualified veterinarian twice a year. Pets age much faster than we do and six months for a senior cat is similar to three years for us, which is a significant amount of time for health problems to develop. Taking your cat to the vet for regular check-ups will help to detect problems earlier, resulting in a happier and healthier feline friend.
Here are some senior cat health care tips:
- schedule regular health checks with your veterinarian to maintain good health and prevent serious illnesses and diseases.
- encourage your cat to exercise to maintain healthy body weight, stimulate their mind, and keep reflexes sharp
- monitor dental health closely and maintain a healthy mouth through specialised dental diets, treats, and toys. You can also brush your cat’s teeth with a special toothbrush
- monitor their weight and ensure your cats diet is meeting all of their nutritional needs, particularly as they age
- always pay attention to changes in your cat; they hide their feelings well, so if they’re ill or something is wrong, it can be hard to identify
Senior cats are susceptible to a number of diseases. The most common are chronic kidney disease, diabetes, thyroid disease, and arthritis. Being able to detect changes in your cat’s behaviour and habits early, and notifying your local pet care team will help to prevent serious long-term health issues.
Some of these signs may include:
- excessive thirst or urination
- increased or decreased appetite
- lethargic behaviour – reluctance to move around
- changes to their skin or coat i.e. lumps or bumps
- a significant increase or decrease to their weight
- constipation or diarrhoea
- hypertension (high blood pressure)
- heart murmur or rapid heart rate
- breathing difficulties